Champagne and Sparkling Wine
Champagne is the king of sparkling wines and must be made in the Champagne region of France to be considered Champagne. Champagne is produced using the black Pinot Noir and Pinot Meunier grapes and the white Chardonnay grape.
Sparkling wines made outside of the region of Champagne are simply known as sparkling wine and include Italy’s Prosecco and Moscato d’Asti, Cava from Spain, Cremant from other regions of France and a vast array of other fantastic sparkling wines from Australia, New Zealand and America among other producers.
The bubbles in sparkling wines are formed during a second fermentation period when sugar and yeast are added to a still wine.